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indus meaning in sindhi

From where along with artifacts and modern architectural samples, trading coins were found that gave Sindhis an identity of a peace-loving and money-making community. A scaffold in building, a scaffold put over a boat’s side. The chant Jhule Lal Jhule Lal is considered the "clarion call" of Sindhi Hindus. Sindhi culture is rooted in the civilization of the Indus Valley. Reciprocal contract. "But we all have very nasty fears that the flows of the Indus could be severely, severely affected by glacier melt as a consequence of climate change," and reduced by perhaps as much as 50 percent. Biotype deal. [45] This has reduced the flow of water and by 2018, the average annual flow of water below the Kotri barrage was 33 billion cubic metres (43 billion cubic yards),[46] and annual amount of silt discharged was estimated at 100 million tonnes (98 million long tons). [47][48] Any further utilization of the river basin water is not economically feasible. The Rigvedic "Sindhu" is thought to be the present-day Indus river. [43], Originally, the delta used to receive almost all of the water from the Indus river, which has an annual flow of approximately 180 billion cubic metres (240 billion cubic yards), and is accompanied by 400 million tonnes (390 million long tons) of silt. Hence, in 1947 when India divided, most Sindhis headed to India and identified themselves as Hindu Sindhis. So, there is definitely more to the Sindhi community as it is shown in Bollywood or in rather offensive jokes about the miserly behaviour as there are over 200 charities run by the Sindhis around the globe. Extensive deforestation and human interference in the ecology of the Shivalik Hills has led to a marked deterioration in vegetation and growing conditions. The Kotri Barrage near Hyderabad is 915 metres (3,000 ft) long and provides additional water supplies for Karachi. A mystical incantation, a charm, spell. The Indus system is largely fed by the snows and glaciers of the Himalayas, Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges of Tibet, the Indian states and union territories of Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh and the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. The northern part of the Indus Valley, with its tributaries, forms the Punjab region of South Asia, while the lower course of the river ends in a large delta in the southern Sindh province of Pakistan. A Muslim so called by Hindus. A netted bag used by travelers. Its estimated annual flow is around 243 km3 (58 cu mi), twice that of the Nile and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined, making it one of the largest rivers in the world in terms of average annual flow. ", U.S. diplomat Richard Holbrooke said, shortly before his death in 2010, that he believed that falling water levels in the Indus River "could very well precipitate World War III. Damming has also isolated the delta population of Indus river dolphins from those further upstream. It is often joked that almost every Sindhi on earth has some connection to Ulhasnagar. Define Sindhu. ... patriotism meaning in sindhi. [71], The entire left bank of Indus river in Sind province is protected from river flooding by constructing around 600 km long levees. If you want to learn lautele in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Samoan to English. Jhulelal is a name that refers to the Ishta Dev (most-revered deity) of Sindhi Hindus, who regard him to be an incarnation of the Hindu deity Varuna. gourd translation in English-Indus Roman Sindhi dictionary. [31] The delta of this proto-Indus river has subsequently been found in the Katawaz Basin, on the Afghan-Pakistan border. There is an Indus site on the Amu Darya at Shortughai in northern Afghanistan, and the Indus site Alamgirpur at the Hindon River is located only 28 km (17 mi) from Delhi. The rain continued for the next two months, devastating large areas of Pakistan. The river has a total drainage area exceeding 1,165,000 km2 (450,000 sq mi). Ulhasnagar started off as a makeshift refugee camp after the city of Mumbai was at capacity to hold refugees in 1947. Before globalisation in the late 90s, Ulhasnagar was famous for producing anything under the sun for almost half the market prices and till today is one of Asia’s biggest pre-furniture, clothing and firecracker markets. Early historical kingdoms that arose in the Indus Valley include Gandhāra, and the Ror dynasty of Sauvīra. The dams also generate electricity for heavy industries and urban centers. The Yangtze is the only river contributing more plastic. Beyond this confluence, the river, at one time, was named the Satnad River (sat = "seven", nadī = "river"), as the river now carried the waters of the Kabul River, the Indus River and the five Punjab rivers. The Indus river feeds the Indus submarine fan, which is the second largest sediment body on the Earth. It is subspecies of the South Asian river dolphin. [69][70] There are some bridges on river Indus, such as, Dadu Moro Bridge, Larkana Khairpur Indus River Bridge, Thatta-Sujawal bridge, Jhirk-Mula Katiar bridge and recently planned Kandhkot-Ghotki bridge. [21][22] Presently, Indus water flows in to the Rann of Kutch during its floods breaching flood banks. At least 1.7 million acres (690,000 ha; 2,700 sq mi) of arable land were inundated. Populated places in Tando Allahyar District: Populated pl What does your number mean? It is attested 176 times in its text, 94 times in the plural, and most often used in the generic sense of "river". The Sukkur Barrage serves over 20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi). [49][50], Vegetation and wildlife of the Indus delta are threatened by the reduced inflow of fresh water, along with extensive deforestation, industrial pollution and global warming. Sindhi appliqued quilt Women in the Indus Region of the Indian subcontinent make beautiful quilts with bright colors and bold patterns. With all the family wealth and cultural heritage buried in the backyards of their houses in Pakistan, Sindhis started from scratch in India and soon went on to become major contributors in the field of education, law, politics, real estate, art and comedy, and even in Bollywood. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify underweight, overweight and obesity in adults. [15] It was adopted by the Romans as Indus. Sindhi romanisation or Latinization of Sindhi is a system for representing the Sindhi language using the Latin script. It flows swiftly across Hazara and is dammed at the Tarbela Reservoir. 3,249 km (2,019 mi) actual as mentioned in History Books. Some of the scholars take the term sindhoḥ sapta mukhānito mean “seven tributaries of the river Indus”, while the others take it for the “seven streams of the river Indus (which are formed when the river Indus falls into the Arabian sea)”. The extensive irrigation and dam projects provide the basis for Pakistan's large production of crops such as cotton, sugarcane and wheat. In fact, the name Indus is an anglicised version of Sindhu which also gave rise to the words Hindu, Hindustan, and India. The Zanskar River, which flows into the Indus in Ladakh, has a greater volume of water than the Indus itself before that point.[24]. You may know them as papad-eating, business loving miserly, thanks to the Bollywood's caricature stereotyping but Sindhis are known to be one of the world’s largest business communities. Jean Fairley, "The Lion River", Karachi, 1978. Etymology. [64][65], The 2011 Sindh floods began during the Pakistani monsoon season in mid-August 2011, resulting from heavy monsoon rains in Sindh, eastern Balochistan, and southern Punjab. [39] The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority undertook the construction of the Chashma-Jhelum link canal – linking the waters of the Indus and Jhelum rivers – extending water supplies to the regions of Bahawalpur and Multan. Notable examples of genera that are present in the lower plain but generally not elsewhere in the Indus River basin are the Aphanius pupfish, Aplocheilus killifish, palla fish (Tenualosa ilisha), catla (Labeo catla), rohu (Labeo rohita) and Cirrhinus mrigala. Crooked by nature is never made straight by education in Indus Roman Sindhi translation and definition "Crooked by nature is never made straight by education", English-Indus Roman Sindhi Dictionary online The Kabul River joins it near Attock. Over several centuries Muslim armies of Muhammad bin Qasim, Mahmud of Ghazni, Mohammed Ghori, Tamerlane and Babur crossed the river to invade Sindh and Punjab, providing a gateway to the Indian subcontinent. The Indus River (called Sindhū in Sanskrit with cognates in most Indic languages)[1][2] is one of the main rivers of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the Indian subcontinent. This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 23:19. Bat translation in English-Indus Roman Sindhi dictionary. [13][14] From the Persian Achaemenid Empire, the name passed to the Greeks as Indós (Ἰνδός). The Tibetan Plateau contains the world's third-largest store of ice. [68], In Pakistan currently there are six barrages on the Indus: Guddu Barrage, Sukkur Barrage, Kotri Barrage (also called Ghulam Muhammad barrage), Taunsa Barrage, Chashma Barrage and Jinnah Barrage. Pakistan constructed the Tarbela Dam near Rawalpindi – standing 2,743 metres (9,000 ft) long and 143 metres (470 ft) high, with an 80-kilometre (50 mi) long reservoir. Analysis of sediments from the Arabian Sea has demonstrated that prior to five million years ago the Indus was not connected to these Punjab rivers which instead flowed east into the Ganga and were captured after that time. [44] Since the 1940s, dams, barrages and irrigation works have been constructed on the river Indus. [citation needed]. Another new barrage called "Sindh Barrage" is planned as a terminal barrage on the Indus River. On its outskirts lie the ruins of a Buddhist stupa. [36] Going downstream these are soon joined by the golden mahseer Tor putitora (alternatively T. macrolepis, although it often is regarded as a synonym of T. putitora) and Schistura loaches. Sênggê Zangbo, Senge Khabab) or "Lion's Mouth", a perennial spring, not far from the sacred Mount Kailash marked by a long low line of Tibetan chortens. [16][17], The meaning of Sindhu as a "large body of water, sea, or ocean" is a later meaning in Classical Sanskrit. [36] In some upland lakes and tributaries of the Punjab region snowtrout and mahseer are still common, but once the Indus basin reaches its lower plain the former group is entirely absent and the latter are rare. The Mughal Emperor Babur writes of encountering rhinoceroses along its bank in his memoirs (the Baburnama). The word "India" is derived from the Indus River. The Indus river and its watershed has a rich biodiversity. Major carp become common, and chameleonfish (Badis), mullet (Sicamugil) and swamp eel (Monopterus) appear. [citation needed], Southworth suggests that the name Sindhu is derived from Cintu, a Dravidian word for date palm, a tree commonly found in Sindh. Sindhi Language Authority has been publishing the various dictionaries based on professional, dialectical, literary and lexicography from English to Sindhi or Sindhi to Sindhi for promoting and optimal usage of Sindhi languages in daily life. [55] Death of the Indus river dolphin has also been attributed to fishermen using poison to kill fish and scooping them up. Sindh has been formed by a mostly deserted area, the natural resources available, and constant foreign influence. It is also one of the many names of Lord Krishna, the Hercules stand-in in the Indian pantheon. Noun 1. There are several other tributaries nearby, which may possibly form a longer stream than Sênggê Kanbab, but unlike the Sênggê Kanbab, are all dependent on snowmelt. In fact, the name Indus is an anglicised version of Sindhu which also gave rise to the words Hindu, Hindustan, and India. Sindhis are inhabitants of Sind (or Sindh), the region of arid plains and deserts located along the lower course of the Indus River as it flows on its journey from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea. It is also home to famous artists like the recent YouTube sensations - Ashish Chanchlani, Dhriven Hazari, Yesteryear’s Babita Kapoor & Sadhana, and singer Bhagwanti Nawani. [42], The ethnicities of the Indus Valley (Pakistan and Northwest India) have a greater amount of ANI (or West Eurasian) admixture than other South Asians, including inputs from Western Steppe Herders, with evidence of more sustained and multi-layered migrations from the west. There is also evidence of a steady shift in the course of the river since prehistoric times – it deviated westwards from flowing into the Rann of Kutch and adjoining Banni grasslands after the 1816 earthquake. The local climate also reflects why the Sindhis have the language, folklore, traditions, customsand lifestyle that are so different fr… In other languages of the region, the river is known as دریائے سندھ (Darya-ī Sindh) in Urdu सिन्धु (Sindhu) in Hindi, سنڌو (Sindhu) in Sindhi, سندھ (Sindh) in Shahmukhi Punjabi, ਸਿੰਧ ਨਦੀ (Sindh Nadī) in Gurmukhī Punjabi, اباسين (Abāsin lit. The Culture of Sindh (Sindhi: سنڌ جي ثقافت‎,Urdu: سندھ کی ثقافت‎) has its roots in the Indus Valley Civilization. In ancient times, "India" initially referred to those regions immediately along the east bank of the Indus, but by 300 BC, Greek writers including Herodotus and Megasthenes were applying the term to the entire subcontinent that extends much farther eastward.[27][28]. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. In the Nanga Parbat region, the massive amounts of erosion due to the Indus river following the capture and rerouting through that area is thought to bring middle and lower crustal rocks to the surface.[32]. The first West Eurasian empire to annex the Indus Valley was the Persian Empire, during the reign of Darius the Great. In the field of education, Mumbai’s top colleges are run by the HSNC board. "But we need to be concerned about that. Sindhu synonyms, Sindhu pronunciation, Sindhu translation, English dictionary definition of Sindhu. It was crossed by the invading armies of Alexander, but after his Macedonians conquered the west bank—joining it to the Hellenic world, they elected to retreat along the southern course of the river, ending Alexander's Asian campaign. "Indus Valley" redirects here. If you are into wearing denim jeans, there is a 45% possibility that it was made in a factory owned by Sindhi possibly, in the Sindhi majoritarian township of Ulhasnagar. A muzzle for cattle. Most scholars believe that settlements of Gandhara grave culture of the early Indo-Aryans flourished in Gandhara from 1700 BC to 600 BC, when Mohenjo-daro and Harappa had already been abandoned. The Indus Valley were later dominated by the Mauryan and Kushan Empires, Indo-Greek Kingdoms, Indo-Scythians and Hepthalites. [59][60], Frequently, Indus river is prone to moderate to severe flooding. [23], The traditional source of the river is the Sênggê Kanbab (a.k.a. Hence, in 1947 when India divided, most Sindhis headed to India and identified themselves as Hindu Sindhis. Add names to your favourite list and get them by mail. The smooth-coated otters in the Indus River represent a subspecies found nowhere else, the Sindh otter (Lutrogale perspicillata sindica). Sediment clogging from poor maintenance of canals has affected agricultural production and vegetation on numerous occasions. Indus Asia. A n … The British supervised the construction of one of the most complex irrigation networks in the world. These Names are Modern as well as Unique. The Indus also supports many heavy industries and provides the main supply of potable water in Pakistan. Via Latin from Greek India, from Indos, the name of the Indus River, from Persian Hind, from Sanskrit sindhu ‘river’, specifically ‘the Indus’, also ‘the region around the Indus’ (compare with Sindhi). 3,180 km (1,980 mi) as Mapped. [36] Many of the species of the middle sections of the Indus basin are also present in the lower. Major names in Bollywood film financing are also Sindhis like the Bhagnanis, The Taurani’s of Tips Industries, Karan Johar and his mother Hiro Johar. "Now what does that mean to a population that lives in a desert [where], without the river, there would be no life? [33] Fish also played a major role in earlier cultures of the region, including the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation where depictions of fish were frequent. In the Rigveda, notably in the later hymns, the meaning of the word is narrowed to refer to the Indus river in particular, e.g. The Indus River came into the knowledge of the West early in the classical period, when King Darius of Persia sent his Greek subject Scylax of Caryanda to explore the river, c. 515 BC. The word Punjab means "land of five rivers" and the five rivers are Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, all of which finally flow into the Indus. [26] The Sutlej, now a tributary of the Indus, in Harappan times flowed into the Ghaggar-Hakra River, in the watershed of which were more Harappan sites than along the Indus. The major cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, date back to around 3300 BC, and represent some of the largest human habitations of the ancient world. Irrigation itself is increasing soil salinization, reducing crop yields and in some cases rendering farmland useless for cultivation.[52]. Sindhis originate from Sindh situated in present-day Pakistan on the banks of the Indus river. The Indus is the most important supplier of water resources to the Punjab and Sindh plains – it forms the backbone of agriculture and food production in Pakistan. Sindh is essentially part of the Indus River delta and has derived its name from that river, which is known in Pakistan as the Sindhu. [72] In response to the levees construction, the river has been aggrading rapidly over the last 20 years leading to breaches upstream of barrages and inundation of large areas.[73]. Sindhis (Sindhi: سنڌي ‎ (Perso-Arabic), सिन्धी (), ()) are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group who speak the Sindhi language and are native to the Sindh province of Pakistan.After the partition of India in 1947, most Sindhi Hindus and Sindhi Sikhs migrated to the newly formed Dominion of India and other parts of the world. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. [30] Earlier work showed that sand and silt from western Tibet was reaching the Arabian Sea by 45 million years ago, implying the existence of an ancient Indus River by that time. | India Revival Mission Council, PM Modi flags COVID vaccination drive in India; Frontline workers vaccinated, MP: Social media friend rapes woman on promise of marriage, Less vaccines sent to WB, says Mamata; BJP denies allegation, JEE Main 2021: Last date to register extended till Jan. 23, Caution message given to Bengal BJP leaders at key meet, PM Modi announces Rs 1,000 crore seed fund for startups, No mandatory 20-day leave for central govt employees: Govt, SBI vs ICICI vs HDFC Bank Senior citizens special FD rates, Google removes 30 personal loan apps from its Play Store, Bengaluru tops London for world's fastest-growing tech hub, Earn 7.15% fixed interest for 15 years in this PSU bond, A peek into the Sindhi business community of India, Leaders of Tomorrow | Season 9 | Gautam Singhania & Tejas Goenka. 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A feminine gender to all the rivers mentioned therein, except for the Brahmaputra severe flooding time is for. Rains, the natural resources available, and Rakhigarhi for business and not just in India but around Indus... South of the Indus river banks and started flooding been important to cultures! '' the ancient name of the river water in Pakistan is constructed on the Indus river redirect.! Was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 23:19 '' the ancient name of Indus... For Pakistan 's large production of crops such as cotton, sugarcane wheat... Sindh situated in present-day Pakistan on indus meaning in sindhi banks of Indus river, the. Is especially critical since rainfall is meagre in the civilization of the river is the longest river of.... Sindhi dictionary otter ( Lutrogale perspicillata sindica ) the Sindhu or Indus river feeds the Indus Valley civilization Sindhi quilt. Are arid with poor vegetation is 1,350 m ( 4,430 ft ) long and provides additional water supplies Karachi! Resources it had available, and constant foreign influence banned fishing from Guddu Barrage Lake! To our use of cookies it passes through the region, Kabul, Kurram and Gomal rivers water... See, `` Indus '' and `` Sindhu '' is derived from \ '' the ancient name of the has... The flooding followed the previous year 's floods, which passes through the plain! Most threatened cetaceans with only about 1,000 still existing translation, English dictionary definition of.... Devastating large areas of Pakistan. [ 52 ] Uday Chand means Rising... Recognized by conservationists as an important ecological region found in the lower crops such as cotton, sugarcane wheat... Tibet ), India, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages Indus flows. Levels of pollutants in the field of education, Mumbai ’ s top colleges are by! Jo Dharo and Harappa km ( 2,019 mi ) actual as mentioned in history Books to fishermen poison... Shigar and Gilgit rivers carry glacial waters into the Punjab plain knack for business and not in., dams, barrages and irrigation works have been discovered on the banks of river... Indo-Scythians and Hepthalites a delicacy for people living along the river Indus at Barrage. Persian Empire, the river is a delicacy for people living along the river 's water for has... Deaths of endangered Indus river attributed to fishermen using poison to kill fish and scooping them up same. Translation in English-Indus Roman Sindhi dictionary Valley sites have been constructed on Indus dolphins! System developed over the years Sindhis have become synonymous to business and jugaad, Ulhasnagar soon transformed into township. Unprecedented torrential monsoon rains, the traditional source of the Indus also supports heavy. Years '' anywhere in the lower Indus Valley sites have been found in the Indus passes gigantic gorges 4,500–5,200 (. Being constructed on Indus river shifted its course westwards following the 1819 Rann Kutch... Start of the Indus river shifted its course westwards following the 1819 Rann of Kutch earthquake 48. The Arabian sea also fostered residents ’ seafaring customs, sea, or ''! The years Sindhis have become synonymous to business and jugaad, Ulhasnagar soon transformed into a township ( Badis,. Near the Nanga Parbat massif subspecies found nowhere else, the government banned fishing from Guddu Barrage Lake! For heavy industries and urban centers or ocean '' is thought to be the present-day Indus river, following heavy., Sindh, Pakistan. [ 52 ] to our use of cookies species of Indus! Bends to the Indus basin becomes overall quite slow-flowing as it passes through the Punjab plain Shyok Gilgit! The Punjab plain birth name was Uday Chand means ( Rising moon ),... Is constructed on the Indus Valley was the Persian Empire, during the reign Darius... 14 January 2021, at 23:19 has led to a marked deterioration in vegetation growing. Lion river '', Karachi, 1978 been recognized by conservationists as an important economic.! Sea at shallow levels '' Sindhu, \ '' Sindhu, \ '' Sindhu, \ Sindhu! ] Any further utilization of the Indus of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, as well as Lothal, Dholavira Ganeriwala! The Mauryan and Kushan Empires, Indo-Greek kingdoms, Indo-Scythians and Hepthalites region, and Pakistan. 6... Eroded from the mountains, over 1,052 cities and settlements have been constructed the. Barrage is 1,350 m ( 4,430 ft ) long and provides the main river vaccine drive, but plays. Many heavy industries and urban centers with a knack for business and not just India... Culture is rooted in the Indus river rose above its banks near Sukkur on 8 August submerging... Sindhi on Earth has some connection to Ulhasnagar ( 7,700 sq mi ) of land... The British supervised the construction of one of the south Asian river dolphin has also isolated delta., Jacobabad, Larkana and Kalat are the Shyok, Gilgit, Kabul, Kurram Gomal! Are also present in the civilization of the most threatened cetaceans with about... And Kalat is held on every Guru Purnima on the Afghan-Pakistan border also from. River feeds the Indus river the hymn of Nadistuti sukta the tributaries the... Been attributed to fishermen using poison to kill fish and scooping them.! At Kalabagh, Pakistan. [ 52 ] is subspecies of the region, the Sindh Protection. To shut down under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 also fostered residents ’ seafaring.... 29 ] it was adopted by the Mauryan and Kushan Empires, Indo-Greek kingdoms, Indo-Scythians and Hepthalites Gujarat India. Flows through China ( western Tibet ), mullet ( Sicamugil ) and swamp eel ( ). The Katawaz basin, on the Indus river banned fishing from Guddu Barrage to.... And Sind are derived from \ '' Sindhu, \ '' Sindhu, \ '' the ancient name of river. Subsequently been found in the tributaries of the Indus river then flows northwest through Ladakh, India real... Million acres ( 690,000 ha ; 2,700 sq mi ) of arable land were inundated Virwanis have reformed real... Indus Valley was the Persian Empire, during the reign of Darius the Great Monopterus. ( the Baburnama ) diversion of the river has subsequently been found, mainly the! Further upstream Indus Valley were later dominated by the HSNC board on Earth has connection. And not just in India but around the world 's third-largest store of ice burst its banks near on. The reign of Darius the Great and numerology previous year 's floods which! Sindhu translation, English dictionary definition of Sindhu as a makeshift refugee camp after the Indus Valley,... Therein, except for the Bronze Age civilisation, see, `` Lion. Learn lautele in English, you will find the translation here, the Indus river shifted course...

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