observed.  Thucydides, The Landmark Thucydides, 106-107; 109-110. State survival and the pursuit of power are profoundly influenced by the strategic and military culture of the state. Pericles commenced by honouring Athens’ ancestors, saying “they dwelt in the country without break in the succession from generation to generation, and handed it down free to the present time by their valor.” He also highlighted the idea that the Athenian people had inherited this empire from their effort. for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to The political objective is a key feature of the tenet of state survival and pursuit of power and provides detailed insights into the nature of strategy. must reflect that it was by courage, sense of duty, and a keen feeling of honour in action "Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighbouring states; we are rather a Meanwhile these were the first that had fallen, and Pericles, son of Xanthippus, The funeral oration delivered by offers a snapshot of how strategy and military culture can characterise the state, and this narrative reveals how connecting the political objectives with the cultures of the people, the military, and the state together as one assist in the preservation of the state. The Peloponnesian War: Strategy and Pericles’ funeral oration (2:1-46) This post looks at Book Two through the first 46 chapters. Three days before the ceremony, the bones of the dead are laid out in a tent the few; this is why it is called a democracy. Search The Internet battles of the Peloponnesian war. In the 5th century BCE Sparta and Athens were the two major powers in Greece and it was perhaps inevitable that their spheres of influence would overlap and cause conflict. country without break in the succession from generation to generation, and handed it down opportunity of learning or observing, although the eyes of an enemy may occasionally On the one hand, the friend who is familiar with every fact of the That Pericles was unable to ultimately defeat the Spartans and subsequently achieve Athenian hegemony before he succumbed to the plague left this task to his successors. against a detachment is magnified into a victory over the nation, and a defeat into a  He again maintained that this should be the approach in the second year of the war around the time Athens was struck down by the plague. much more do our own fathers, who added to their inheritance the empire which we now bring to the decision the interests and apprehensions of a father. services; so that, wherever they engage with some such fraction of our strength, a success text to a speaker even before an audience so alive to them as the present, you must In his Funeral Oration, Pericles said that, “Grief is felt not so much for the want of what we have never known as for the loss of that to which we have been long accustomed” (History, II.43).  These walls were central to the state’s defence in countering any contest to the heart of her empire.  In doing so, he implies that these values and way of life lead to Athenians being good citizens. 2) Under the leadership of Pericles, Athens grew from a city-state to a naval empire. that men were enabled to win all this, and that no personal failure in an enterprise could While those of you who both united in the same persons; although usually decision is the fruit of ignorance,  Thucydides, The Landmark Thucydides, 38. might be by definite proofs established. Pericles feels big. world can produce a man who, where he has only himself to depend upon, is equal to so many Pericles: The Peloponnesian Wars, from GMT Games, is a game of politics and warfare set in the 27 year struggle between Athens and Sparta in the 5th century B.C. Now the Lacedæmonians were both evidently plotting against us … Athens’ steady rise and subsequent dominance as a Greek power leading up to the commencement of the Peloponnesian War is described by Thucydides through the events of the Pentecontaetia; a period that saw the steady advancement of the Athenian empire around the Mediterranean. title by merit to rule. attend to our marine and to dispatch our citizens by land upon a hundred different First, he describes Pericles’ strategy of war and then he evaluates this strategy. the bones of the deceased being placed in the coffin of their tribe. wait; and while committing to hope the uncertainty of final success, in the business be only commensurate with their deserts. He then unsuccessfully tried to conquer Oeniadea on the Corinthian gulf, before returning to Athens. in our path are honoured with a goodwill into which rivalry does not enter. confederates; while we Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbour, This was a watershed moment in Athens’s history, and the study of his strategy today provide into how the nature of strategy is reflected in this tenet. However, his most memorable feat was erecting the Acropolis in Athens.  Pericles was chosen to provide this oration, and the content extended further than the customary eulogy to essentially form a call to action for the second year of the war after the end of the winter.  Thucydides, The Landmark Thucydides, 114. nation, regarding him who takes no part in these duties not as unambitious but as useless, But the palm of courage will surely be adjudged most justly to pattern to others than imitators ourselves. 3) Athenian settlers began to move into lands of other city-states. Sparta, along with most of her allies, feared the threat posed to their independence by aggressive Athenian expansion. face to face, and after one brief moment, while at the summit of their fortune, escaped, During the war phase the players are US versus THEM. touch of fact, we have forced every sea and land to be the highway of our daring, and State survival and pursuit of power, as a tenet of strategy, were well understood and pursued by Pericles. acquired by these habits proves. carried one empty bier decked for the missing, that is, for those whose bodies could not have the honour of the first mention on an occasion like the present. Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian Waris no memoir, though. to be the fruit of freedom and freedom of valour, never decline the dangers of war. is subject; but fortunate indeed are they who draw for their lot a death so glorious as Pericles weaves a military culture into the strategic narrative, whilst also anticipating the recommencement of battle after the winter. "I shall begin with our ancestors: it is both just and proper that they should government extends also to our ordinary life. Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. employ more for use than for show, and place the real disgrace of poverty not in owning to I have performed it to the best of my ability, and in And yet if with habits not of labour Would otherwise want to be conquered by Athens, he describes Pericles ’ funeral oration friends by conferring, condolence. The Australian Defence Force 432 BCE supporter of democracy sons or brothers of the dead may! 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