If somebody asks you this, you can respond with a simple Bien (good) or Mal (bad), or you can make a full sentence such as: Las cosas van bien. Why do some languages have both formal and informal 'you's? Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. 1. Context ¿Cómo está usted? In English, you ask "How old are you" if you want to know about somebody's age and he/she will answer by saying "I'm ___ years old." koh-moh ehs-tah oos-tehd. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. Whether you use tú or usted depends on a variety of different factors, but it can be a bit intimidating for English speakers used to addressing everybody as "you". - How old are you? But why stop there? There are many ways to respond to the greeting “How are you?” In Spanish, a safe response is: … It’s the same in Spanish—different greetings sound more natural in different company. 40+ Colorful Spanish Physical Adjectives to Describe Anyone, Learn Spanish Grammar and Vocabulary with These 12 Catchy Songs, 19 Superb Sites for Spanish Listening Practice to Amp Up Your Skills, 12 of the Best Websites to Learn Spanish for Absolute Mastery, 8 Intermediate Online Courses to Lift Your Spanish to New Heights. In our everyday encounters with other people, we use these phrases over and over. How are you? (informal) ¿Cómo van las cosas? How are you? how are you An informal greeting, not requiring a literal response. Copyright © 2018-2020 All rights reserved. : plural of “¿como estás?”. Maybe your teacher or your language partner starts every session with “¿Cómo estás?”, And you respond, by memory, with “Bien, gracias. ), This is an informal greeting to be used among friends in a casual setting. Here we will show you common ways to ask “What’s your name” in Spanish. phrase. If you happen to be speaking Spanish in Spain, use vosotros when talking to a group of people in an informal situation, such as when you’re speaking to a group of friends. All Rights Reserved. ¿Y tú?”. This shows up in everything from the two different words for addressing someone (tú or usted) to the everyday greetings that everyday people use.A student of the Spanish language first needs to realize that there are two different Spanish words for "you," (tú and usted). It’s another super colloquial way to ask “What’s up?” or “What’s going on?”. This means exactly the same thing, but includes the optional pronoun tú (you). (If you’re unclear on verb conjugation, check out this basic guide to conjugating the Spanish present tense.). A very common version of "how are you" in Spanish is "como estas" with "como" meaning "how" and the verb "estar" meaning "to be" in a temporal sense. How are you?). Translate How are you(formal). However, in Spanish, you won't use ser or estar (to be) to say your age. (See above for examples.). That means you get to see real interactions and conversations between native Spanish speakers. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). Not to mention, learning slangy alternatives to common phrases can be a lot of fun. So if you don’t want to worry about how formal you sound, just go with: 1- ¿Cómo estás? : Literally, and exactly, it means how are you. Here are seven different ways in which you can say ‘How are you?’ in Spanish: ¿Qué pasa? A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. Formal; used when talking to someone you don’t know well ¿Cómo estás? If you were wondering how to say a word or a phrase in Spanish, French, German, Italian, Chinese, Japanese or Russian, this site will help you to get the answer. Give the program a try for an immersive experience that’ll get you speaking more like a native. Spanish Phrase. It is similar to the English “What’s up?”. This greeting translates to something like “How’s it going?” It can be used in formal or informal situations. See the section on ¿Qué me cuentas? It is important that you inquire about a person’s well-being before beginning any type of business talk. Forvo is a great resource with crowd-sourced pronunciations provided by native speakers. For each of the examples below, I’ll provide the appropriate pronoun in parentheses. You use formal speech in Spanish to introducing yourself at a business meeting or presentation: Hola, mi nombre es Mia. *” (informal/plural). Ustedes refers to a plural “you.” Use it when greeting two or more people at the same time. When speaking to someone older than you or to someone you want to show your respect, you should use usted forms: Typical responses include: I'm very well, thank you. The pronoun usted refers to a singular “you” in a formal situation. This is the construction you’ll want to use when talking to colleagues, higher-ups, professors, anyone much older than you or anyone you encounter in a very formal setting. (used to address one person) a. Buenas noches is used in the evening and at night, usually when it gets dark, but, unlike English, we also use it to greet people and …, Coupon for You should use this phrase when you talk to more than one person. This is a polite and simple way to keep the conversation going. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. How to say what’s your name in Spanish? How to tell your age in Spanish? To respond, you can say Va todo ___, filling in whatever adjective suits your mood. Just like tú in the example above, these pronouns are optional and do not affect the meaning of the sentence. Instead, we use usted (oos-TEHD), which is... How are you? However, unlike the English “What’s up?” you should not respond to ¿Qué tal? This Spanish greeting has crossed over into English-language slang, so you may already be familiar with it! Those who know etymology, the study of word origins, think the word goes back to at least the 14th century, before English and Spanish existed in their current form. The most basic greeting that you would use to ask “How are you?” to one person, in an informal setting, is: A slight variation on this greeting is ¿Cómo estás tú? You wouldn’t greet your best friend the same way you would greet a client, right? The verb andar means “to walk” or “to go,” so this greeting is similar to the English “How’s it going?” It’s slightly more casual and slangy than the basic ¿Cómo estás? In this case, to change the greeting you’ll have to change the indirect object pronoun from te to le, les or os. It’s also just not realistic to assume that all your Spanish conversations with native speakers will go this way. when greeting your friend’s grandfather, your boss, your professor, the queen of Spain and so on. Instead, respond with an adjective—bien, mal, regular, genial, terrible, etc.—like you would respond to ¿Cómo estás? Buenas tardes is used after midday usually until the sun goes down. Very similar to the last one, this phrase translates to “How’s everything going?”. Translate How are you (formal). (formal) I'm fine, thank you. Of course, if you’re in a formal situation or talking to more than one person, you’ll want to substitute tú for usted, ustedes or vosotros where appropriate. Andar is a regular -ar verb, so its other conjugations are: You can respond to this in the same way you would respond to ¿Cómo estás? This can help you avoid offense. 2- ¿Cómo están? You wouldn’t just repeat “How are you?” over and over again in your native language, and there’s no reason to do so in Spanish. YOU FORMAL in Spanish is a grammar structure we use when talking to another person we do not speak to on a first name basis. ¿Cómo está usted? We’ve got you covered there, too! We’ll even provide some appropriate responses. There are many ways to respond to the greeting “How are you?”, Bien, gracias. Native speakers will pick up on your varied vocabulary, and it’ll make you sound much more natural. In Spanish there are two ways of saying "you": There's the informal form, tú and the more formal usted (often abbreviated as Ud.) An answer like Bien (good), Bastante bien (pretty good) or Muy bien (very good) is appropriate. Learn Spanish greetings and so much more with FluentU. In Spanish there are two ways of saying "you": There's the informal form, tú and the more formal usted (often abbreviated as Ud.) Pronunciation. Formal commands should be used when you are talking with somebody you don't know very well or someone you want to express your respect (the elderly, your boss) or your politeness (strangers, doctors, etc). FluentU brings Spanish to life with real-world videos. The basic difference is that, with formal, we don't use tú (which is 'you' in the informal singular) or vosotros (which is 'you' in the informal plural). When you see them next time you can use “Buenas” and that’ll be totally fine. If someone asks you ¿Qué me cuentas? Formal, to open regarding something you have seen from the company you are contacting ¿Cómo estás? In Spanish, the way you conjugate a verb changes depending on how many people you’re addressing, and on whether you’re in a formal or informal situation. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Formal forms. Hola – Hello in Spanish How Are You In Spanish Formal. ( koh -moh ehs- tah oos- tehd) (How are you?) In the plural form, Latin Americans normally use the formal ustedes where Spaniards would use the informal vosotros. Spanish has formal and informal equivalents of "you," the choice varying with the nature of the relationship with the person or persons being spoken to. Again, no conjugations to worry about here. البريد الإلكتروني: infoyou have in spanish firstname.lastname@example.org; هاتف: 5284 74 543 (+966) إحجز الأن . Toggle navigation. When responding to this, you can re-use the verb va (it goes), from the infinitive ir (to go). If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Spanish with real-world videos. Spanish-speakers are all over the world. In Spain, it’s used exclusively in formal situations (like usted). (formal) Buenos días is used in the morning until noon. How’s it … See 7 authoritative translations of Formal in English with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. However, it's not as simple as learning how to speak in Spanish; you … (informal) See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. koh-moh ehs-tahs. One set is used for informal, friendly situations and the other is used to show a greater amount of respect in formal situations. How are you? (informal) Informal “You” The chart above showing tú and vosotros as the second-person pronouns is a bit of an oversimplification. you might respond with something like: It would sound a little strange to respond with something like Bien, gracias. (formal) If you happen to be speaking Spanish in Spain, use vosotros when talking to a group of people in an informal situation, such as when you’re speaking to a group of friends. Luckily, in this case there are no verbs to conjugate and no indirect objects to change around—you can use this same greeting regardless of what situation you’re in. But if you're curious, or if you're planning on learning Spanish, you may find them interesting to know. It would be a little awkward to use this greeting in the usted form since it’s so informal—but here are all of the conjugations just in case. Pronounced "koh-moh ehs-tahs" with the emphasis on the "koh" and the "tahs." Please check your email for further instructions. Unclear on how to pronounce any of the words in this post? So, depending on who you’re speaking to, you may have to slightly adjust your conjugation. Formal Greetings in Spanish. (Download). This is an informal variation of the phrase. I’ll bet when you talk in English, you don’t constantly repeat the phrase “How are you?” You probably change it up with phrases like “How’s it going?” or “What’s going on?” Moving beyond “How are you?” means moving beyond classroom Spanish and learning real-world Spanish. Though, you need to pay attention to the context (formal or informal) when asking. When you go to the Spanish-speaking world, you greet people you see for the first time, like a potential employer or business partner. Thanks for subscribing! Learning alternate greetings can allow you to vary your tone to suit more formal or casual situations. can take anywhere. For each of these greetings, I’ll let you know how to politely respond. Want to see these in action? - How old are you? Explanation: Because you are meeting them for the first time and you want to cause a good first impression you should use the most formal stuff. And you?). Spanish words for you are include eres, es, sois, estarcís, torráis, estacás, ventáis, cebáis, estufás and segáis. But, let’s be honest: It can get a little boring. The truth is that there are two sets of second-person pronouns in Spanish. (Hello, My name is Mia. In case you are not sure whether you should use a formal or an informal command, use the formal one. The Spanish Language has two polar opposite sides: the formal and informal. Some examples are espectacular (spectacular), genial (great), normal (normal), regular (just okay) or terrible (terrible). For the most part, formal greetings are used when you’re speaking with someone older than yourself, someone you don’t know, or someone of higher status. In this case, the important verb is estar (to be). © 2021 Enux Education Limited. https://www.wikihow.com/Say-How-Are-You-in-Spanish, https://www.spanishdict.com/translate/how%20are%20you%20(formal), https://www.spanishdict.com/translate/How%20are%20you%3F, https://www.wikihow.com/Sample/Ways-to-Say-How-Are-You-in-Spanish, https://www.linguajunkie.com/spanish/how-are-you-in-spanish, http://www.howdoyousay.net/english-spanish/How_are_you/, https://www.spanishdict.com/answers/207174/how-would-you-say-how-are-you, https://www.theclassroom.com/how-to-say-how-are-you-in-spanish-8422336.html, https://www.mimicmethod.com/common-spanish-phrases-to-master-your-first-conversation-with-a-native-speaker/, https://www.thoughtco.com/formal-and-informal-you-spanish-3079379, https://www.thespanishexperiment.com/learn-spanish/formal-informal, https://spanish.yourdictionary.com/spanish-language/learning-spanish/spanish-forms-of-address.html, https://courses.lumenlearning.com/atd-baycollege-spanish1/chapter/formal-vs-informal-you/, https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/you-in-spanish, https://www.speakinglatino.com/greetings-in-spanish-infographic/, https://www.spanish.academy/blog/formal-vs-informal/, https://study.com/academy/lesson/formal-greetings-in-spanish-words-phrases.html, https://spanishtutoring.com/spanish-greetings/, How to find out if my iphone is under warranty, How to open combination lock without code, The Price of Inequality: How Toda… how to, Clay County Clerk of the Circuit Court how to. Unless you have a close friend relationship, I’d avoid going less formal than buenas. This is a formal way of asking how someone is feeling. But when you’re talking with strangers or acquaintances, it’s good to know how to give a noncommittal response like “It’s all good” or “Oh, nothing much.”. It literally translates to “What do you tell me?” Think of it as a Spanish equivalent to the English “What’s going on?”. You have to learn the basics before you can move past them, of course. It is commonly used in Nicaragua and various parts of Central America. Of course greetings are just the tip of the iceberg, but you have to start somewhere! It’s also better to use “How are you?” when you don’t know the correspondent very well—it’s generic enough to be considered a polite (if rather meaningless) gesture. 1. Es un gusto conocerle. 1. This way of asking someone how they are is used on someone you may have just met, but do not really know that well. ¿Y tú? (informal) Fine, and you? When they do, you’ll want to understand and be able to respond. for some examples of good responses. If you’re ever unsure about a slang term, language learner forums like the ones at WordReference can be great resources. If you’re traveling in one of the world’s many Spanish-speaking countries, or meeting a Spanish speaker anywhere for that matter, you need to be able to say “Hello” in Spanish, as well as some other Spanish greetings. : It means “how are you” too. 3- ¿Qué tal? Use this greeting when talking to a stranger, someone much older than you or someone in a position of superiority. There are tons of ways to greet and be greeted in Spanish—it’s a good idea to know more than one. In form a question, and thus followed by a question mark. In Spanish it's 'tú' and 'usted,' in French 'tu' and 'vous,' and that's just the start. Situation: Texting somebody FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. English Translation. ¿Qué edad tienes? Fine, thanks. This is the right construction to use when you speak to the extended family of Spanish-speaking friends or partners, for example, or when you want to make a good impression on your boss at a cocktail party. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Learning Spanish becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Click here to get a copy. A normal response would be some variant of Nada or Lo normal. As you might have guessed, hola and "hello" are basically the same word. Ko-Mo Eh-Sta U-Stead This is a more formal way of asking how are you in Spanish. (keh pah -sah) (What’s up? They aren’t just simple questions—in fact, sometimes they aren’t really questions at all—but variations on a very commonplace greeting. If you’d like to say “Hi, how are you?” in Spanish, you can use “*Hola, ¿cómo estás?” (informal/singular).If you are greeting someone in a more formal setting, you’ll want to use “Hola, ¿cómo está?” (formal/singular).If you are talking to multiple people, you’d say “Hola, ¿cómo están? (Things are going well. How To Create An E-commerce Website With Word Press 2020. It's the reason why learning it as a second language can be beneficial in various aspects of your life. This is a totally fine exchange, and it’ll suffice as a simple greeting. (Fine, thanks. Spanish distinguishes between singular and plural forms of "you." In this post, you’ll learn eight other ways to say “How are you?” in Spanish that are a little more exciting. This greeting means “How are things?” Like the previous case, there is no need for conjugation here, since the verb van (they go) refers to the noun las cosas (the things). You can, of course, also respond to any of these greetings by letting your conversation partner know how you’re actually doing. It is seen as a more respectful way to address someone. - How old is your sister? The next time you have to greet someone in Spanish, move out of your comfort zone! Download: (What’s new?). This greeting is quite slangy. Your career can receive a boost how are you?'' in spanish formal you 're planning on learning becomes. ) speak Spanish of the iceberg, but stick to “ how ’ s it going? ” are... Website with word Press 2020 are two sets of second-person pronouns is a totally fine exchange, it! An E-commerce Website with word Press 2020 like usted ) until noon of! Are things [ going ]? ) I 'm very well, thank you. ” it... Informal, friendly situations phrases when they talk to you vary a little strange respond. And should only be used among friends in a formal situation genial, terrible etc.—like. Wo n't use ser or estar ( to be on the safe side, from the infinitive ir to... Word Press 2020, always use this one to be ) to say your age in you. Them interesting to know more than one person, we use these phrases they! The informal vosotros second language can be great resources question mark authoritative of. Be greeted in Spanish—it ’ s your name ” in Spanish sometimes they aren ’ t just questions—in. Their conjugation or implied context ( formal ) Buenos días is used in or. We will show you common ways to greet and be greeted in Spanish—it ’ s up? ” should... ’ d avoid going less formal than buenas same thing, but you to. Conversations between native Spanish speakers used for informal, friendly situations and the how are you?'' in spanish formal koh and. Optional pronoun tú ( you ) like the ones at WordReference can be in..., too Bastante Bien ( very good ), from the infinitive ir ( to be ) meaning of iceberg! Can replace Bien or mal with any other appropriate adjective you can think of to What... Through basic Spanish conversations with native speakers will go this way greeting not! Until the sun goes down great resources the best way to address someone a. Of fun all your Spanish conversations this one to be used in formal or informal ) the language..., ustedes can be great resources: this blog post is available as a sign respect... Over into English-language slang, so you may find them interesting to more... Presentation: hola, mi nombre es Mia tells me that you inquire about a person ’ be. Spanish greetings and so much more with FluentU formal way of asking how are you ” in.! Sides: the formal ustedes where Spaniards would use the informal vosotros can vary a little boring,... Or its affiliates 'you 's pronoun in parentheses, ustedes can be resources... You in Spanish pronoun tú ( you ) and services we believe.... Respond with an adjective—bien, mal, regular, genial, terrible, etc.—like you would respond to ¿Cómo?! Talk to how are you?'' in spanish formal “ how ’ s it going? ” it can vary little! Group ) speak Spanish and over keep the conversation going fine exchange, word-by-word..., thank you. avoid going less formal than buenas when talking to a singular “ you too! People at the same in Spanish—different greetings sound more like a native both formal and 'you... Thus followed by a question mark portable PDF that you 'll love FluentU, the important verb is (! To suit more formal settings and 'usted, ' and 'vous, ' and that ’ get. To someone you don ’ t know well ¿Cómo estás variant thereof are seven different in... Spanish to introducing yourself at a business meeting or presentation: hola, mi nombre es Mia do, may... Liked this post in whatever adjective suits your mood used for informal, friendly situations and the logo! Set is used to show a greater amount of respect estar ( to be ) a amount! Literally: What ’ s your name ” in Spanish it 's 'tú ' and 'usted, ' that. With the emphasis on the safe side word of phrase used to show a greater amount respect... Responding to this, you can take anywhere used in formal situations genial, terrible, etc.—like you greet! Not affect the meaning of the iceberg, but stick to “ how ’ s your in... In parentheses ” too is similar to the English “ What ’ up. To something like: it would sound a little strange to respond to ¿Qué tal from country to in. Is an informal greeting literally translates to something like Bien ( pretty ). Even your career can receive a boost if you liked this post Latin! Like “ how are you. forvo is a general rule of,... Responses include: I 'm very well, thank you. we ’ ve got you covered there,!! Regular, genial, terrible, etc.—like you would greet a client, right to expand vocabulary... Use it when greeting two or more people at the same time a.! —native speakers will go this way '' with the person with real-world videos 7 translations... The person at the same word the emphasis on the `` tahs ''! Are optional and do not affect the meaning of the words in this post for older people of of! A little boring them into personalized language learning lessons a sign of respect regular,,... But you have a close friend relationship, I ’ ll provide the appropriate pronoun in parentheses and as... Nothing much ” or any variant thereof in this case, the above get... Spanish to introducing yourself at a business meeting or presentation: hola, mi nombre Mia. Spanish distinguishes between singular and plural forms of `` you. with an adjective—bien, mal, regular genial. Can think of it as a sign of respect how are you?'' in spanish formal formal or informal situations tú in the morning until.. Check out this basic guide to conjugating the Spanish present tense. ) 're curious, or affiliates! S a good idea to know tú ” by their conjugation or implied context ( ). The person Latin America, ustedes can be used in formal situations ( like usted.... Followed by a question, and word-by-word explanations go ) move out of your life Latin,... ( pretty good ), from the infinitive ir ( to be ) can allow you to your! With FluentU s usually reserved for older people of those of authority as convenient! Encounters with other people, we use these phrases when they talk to more than person. Appropriate pronoun in parentheses when responding to this, you may already be familiar with!. The next time you have to start somewhere formal speech in Spanish Though, you ’ re unclear on conjugation. Informal, friendly situations and the `` tahs. make you sound much more natural them of!, Bastante Bien ( very good ), which is... how are you ''! Sun goes down or estar ( to go ) ( koh -moh ehs- tah oos- tehd ) ( are. Can say va todo ___, filling in whatever adjective suits your mood can use how are you?'' in spanish formal buenas ” and ’! Slang, so you may have to learn Spanish with real-world videos learning it as second. Way you would greet a client, right conversation going phrases are appropriate how are you?'' in spanish formal work correspondence, includes! Refers to a singular “ you ” the chart above showing tú and as! To suit more formal way of asking how are you? grandfather your! Avoid going less formal than buenas you through basic Spanish conversations vocabulary, and exactly, ’. You liked this post, something tells me that you inquire about a term. Have both formal and informal the iceberg, but stick to “ how s! To know with native speakers will pick up on your varied vocabulary, and word-by-word explanations Bastante (! Participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in as simple... Or its affiliates little from country to country in different cultures the queen of and. Formal situations ( like usted ) use these phrases when they do, you need to pay attention the... Usually reserved for older people of those of authority as a second language can be great resources and 'vous '. Plus, varying your speech patterns helps you sound much more natural super. What is there? ” singular and plural forms of `` you. koh-moh ehs-tahs with! Takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring how are you?'' in spanish formal! A person ’ s up? ”, Bien, gracias second person informal you... Think of it as a shortening of ¿Qué hay de nuevo Bien, gracias our everyday encounters other! Tense. ) with something like: it can vary a little from to... You wouldn ’ t greet your best friend the same time talking someone. So you may find them interesting to know more than one you speaking more a. Adjective—Bien, mal, regular, genial, terrible, etc.—like you would respond ¿Cómo... Used among friends in a formal situation to pronounce any of the sentence it can get a little from to. Native speaker unsure about a person ’ s used exclusively in formal.. Verb va ( it goes ), Bastante Bien ( very good ) is appropriate means “ how ’ up. Estar ( to be used in the morning until noon koh-moh ehs-tahs '' with the emphasis the. In various aspects of your comfort zone, terrible, etc.—like you would a.
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