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number of patents by country 2018

The US Patent and Trademark Office just issued the 10 millionth utility patent using its current numbering system, which dates back to 1836. According to WIPO, a patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. Foreign owners account for more than half of USPTO patents in recent years, 152,000 out of a total of slightly more than 300,000 patents granted in 2016 (Appendix Table 8-1). Japan slipped to third place in the number of international patent applications filed by country in 2017. Thus, the United States produces more patents in this area than expected, based on its total output and the world proportions. Digital editions generated 28.3% of the total trade sector revenue in China, 23.5% in Japan, 18.4% in Sweden, 13.2% in Finland and 12.9% in the U.S. In addition to parsing, structuring, and standardizing patent data, the PatentsView initiative makes considerable efforts to disambiguate names and locations in USPTO patent data while also associating patents with their relevant technology fields based on multiple taxonomies. Trademarks associated with advertising and business management accounted for 11% of global trademark filing activity in 2017, followed by clothing (7%), computers, software and instruments (6.6%) and education and entertainment (5.5%). Patents are credited on a fractional-count basis (i.e., for articles with collaborating institutions, each institutions receives fractional credit on the basis of the proportion of its participating institutions). This section discusses patterns and trends of four technology categories that are closely linked to science or the knowledge- and technology-intensive industries described in Chapter 6: ICT; testing, measuring, and control; chemistry and health; and materials and nanotechnology (Table 8-2). Patents are classified under the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) classification of patents, which classifies International Patent Classification (IPC) codes under 35 technical fields. These U.S. patents, together with 4,200 patents granted to foreign universities and colleges in 2016, account for just under 11,000 academic patents. This database enables U.S. chemical companies to save valuable time and expense by using simulations rather than running full-scale experiments to design their products and assess the safety and efficiency of their manufacturing processes. However, because PatentsView only provides the original IPC codes as they appeared on patents and not the IPC reformed codes, current Cooperative Patent Classification codes on patents were converted back to the most recent IPC classification to prepare these statistics. Apple’s technical standards allow many companies and developers to provide apps that increase the iPhone’s utility, value, and desirability. obj.currentTime = 0; As described previously, the purpose of patenting is to allow inventors to gain the economic benefits of their inventions in exchange for disclosure of technical information about the invention. playVideo(v2); The United States has a high concentration in analysis of biological materials, a technology classified in the testing, measuring, and control category, that is closely related to the chemistry and health category. See Appendix Table 6-37 through Appendix Table 6-48. Revenue generated by the three sectors (trade, educational and scientific, technical and medical) of the publishing industry of 11 countries amounted to USD 248 billion. Industry-level measures of patenting are available for a more limited set of firms, those in scope for the National Science Foundation (NSF) National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Business R&D and Innovation Survey (BRDIS), which focuses on the activity of R&D-performing firms. $('#wipoBtn2').click(function (){ South Korea, like Japan, has a relatively high concentration in optics. USPTO patents granted in selected broad technology categories: 2006 and 2016. Each patent can be tagged with multiple IPC codes and can thus fall under multiple WIPO technology areas. Taiwan, like Japan and South Korea, has a relatively high concentration in optics. In 2016, for instance, the United States produced about 3,300 of its 143,000 patents in IT methods for management. China has a relatively high concentration in four technologies, including two technologies in the ICT category—telecommunications and digital communications (Table 8-2; Figure 8-9; Appendix Table 8-25). Patent activity index for selected technologies for the United States, the EU, and Japan: 2014–16. In 2017, there were 59,500 geographical indications (GIs) in force worldwide. 2000). Of ICT, computer technology is the largest in terms of USPTO patent share (14%), followed by digital communication (10%), semiconductors (6%), and telecommunications (4%). Selected PTMT materials available for download (http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/data/) Patent #10,000,000 was issued to … Germany (14,073) reported the largest number of GIs in force, followed by Austria (8,749), China (8,507), Hungary (6,646) and the Czech Republic (6,191). Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Several studies have found that standards are significantly associated with economic growth through greater diffusion of knowledge. Innovation Occurs in an Interconnected System with S&E as a Key Component, Inventions and the Rate of Their Discovery Are Essential Features of a National Innovation System, Knowledge Transfer Is an Essential Capacity of the National Innovation System, Venture Capital Investment Supports the Commercialization of Emerging Technologies, Federal Policies and Programs Have Been Implemented over the Past Several Decades to Reduce Characteristic Barriers to Innovation, Innovation Takes Place in Manufacturing, Services, and Other Industries, Economic Impacts of Innovation Are Indirectly Measured, and Show Slowing Growth, Knowledge Transfer Activities by Academic Institutions, Knowledge Transfer Activities by Federal R&D Facilities, Innovation Indicators: United States and Other Major Economies, Government Policies and Programs to Reduce Barriers to Innovation, International Comparisons in Innovation Incidence, Productivity Growth and Multifactor Productivity, Small Fast-Growing Firms in the United States, Chapter 5 section Outputs of S&E Research: Publications, Technical Standards, Invention, Innovation, and Economic Growth, https://www.iso.org/committee/4587737.html, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), Expanding existing markets and creating new markets for an industry’s products and services, Increasing the growth and productivity of incumbent firms, Facilitating the entry of small and medium-sized firms, which can increase innovation and growth of the entire industry. The indicator is computed by comparing a country to the global average. The concentration of U.S. patenting activities in pharmaceuticals, analysis of biological materials, and biotechnology coincides with the strong U.S. market position in and considerable R&D investment in pharmaceuticals. Patents are allocated according to patent ownership information. obj.play(); }); SEPs are considered crucial for achieving rapid, broad-based diffusion of knowledge to stimulate innovation. Patents are fractionally allocated among regions, countries, or economies based on the proportion of residences of all named inventors. Offices located in Asia accounted for 66.6% of all trademark filing activity in 2017, up from 36.1% in 2007. Patents in materials and metallurgy and in surface technology and coating had modest growth; patents in microstructural and nanotechnology grew slightly (10%). In 2018, 2.8 million patent applications were filed at the IP5 Offices and together the IP5 Offices granted 1.2 million patents. Number of patent applications stifled by U.S. Government secrecy orders 2000-2019 Number of trademark registrations by U.S. companies 2003-2018 Growth rate of patent applications worldwide 1996-2019 The indicator is computed by comparing a country to the global average (see sidebar Patent Data Analytics and Terminology). Among the top 20 offices, the fastest growth in design counts occurred in the U.K. (+92.1%), Spain (+23.5%) and Switzerland (+17.9%). For Science and Engineering Indicators 2018, the WIPO classification is applied, which divides patents into 35 categories based on International Patent Classification (IPC) codes. These extracted data are then algorithmically compared with information extracted from the Scopus database (see sidebar Bibliometric Data and Terminology in Chapter 5) to match NPL citations in PatentsView to their cited publications appearing in Scopus. Open/close all chapter tables and charts. Three of these are in the chemistry and health category—medical technology, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnology. This rich detail, which also includes the name and address of the inventor and assignee, justifies their presentation. Triadic patent families are a set of patents filed at three of these major patent offices: the European Patent Office (EPO), the Japan Patent Office (JPO) and the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The growth of shared platforms such as the Internet and cellular telephony has been a significant driver in the growing demand for standards. Inventors with 200 or more worldwide utility patents are shown in the following table. The United States received nearly half (47%) of them, followed by Japan (16%) and the member countries of the European Union (EU) (15%). Whenever a country’s share of patents in one area increases, its share in other areas must decrease proportionately. German companies led the field in 2017, submitting 25,490 patent applications to the EPA. China is the top country by number of patent applications in the world. Although the individual share declined from 13% to 9%, continuing a long-term trend away from individual patenting, almost 13,600 patents were granted to individual U.S. owners in 2016. This is consistent with its technological development, where its industry lags behind firms based in South Korea, Taiwan, and other countries. China’s IP office was followed by the offices of the United States of America (U.S.; 606,956), Japan (318,479), the Republic of Korea (204,775) and the European Patent … In addition, many technologies that are patented in standards are not considered essential. Trends and Patterns in Academic Patenting. For any given area of technological development, the Patenting Activity Index indicates the extent to which a country specializes in that area. Science-Metrix; SRI International. The ICT category, consisting of six technologies, has the largest share of USPTO patents (37% of all USPTO patents in 2016) (Figure 8-6). Not report business codes, the International Publishers Association and the world proportions of patent applications in,! 9.11 million Trademark applications covering 12.39 million, while that for industrial designs reached 1.24 million ; ;. Indicates the extent to which a country ’ s concentration of USPTO patenting is far different that! 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