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nilgiris population 2020

Details Bulbul Dhawan. The Toda had small hamlets ("mund") across most of the plateau. [19] A total of 66,799 people were under the age of six, 33,648 males and 33,151 females. Nilgiris is a part of the Western Ghats. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate. The Devarshola city is divided into 18 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. In 2001, The Nilgiris District had 541,099 in its district. Beginning in 1819, the British colonial administration developed the hills rapidly and peaceably, for use as coffee and tea plantations, and summer residences. But as per estimate and projection, population of Thane district in 2018 is 7.20 Lakhs compared to … The Nelliyalam city is divided into 21 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). They with the support of political parties inimical to the natives of Nilgiris have been superseded by the Encyclopaedia of the Nilgiri Hills (2012)[5] authored by China-based researcher Paul Hockings, who calls the Nilgiris his first home and holds a bias against the Badagas. Since the turn of the 21st century, the Badaga have numbered about 135,000 (18% of the district population), the Toda are barely 1,500 and the Kota just over 2,000. The elevation of the Nilgiris results in a much cooler and wetter climate than the surrounding plains, so the area is popular as a comfortable retreat and is good for tea cultivation. During summer the temperature reaches a maximum of 25 °C (77 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F). The migration theory is now totally rejected by educated Badagas,[8] as admittedly the land holdings of the district majorly indicates the Badagas as owners in almost all Taluks of the district. The result of this socio-economic engineering seems to be bearing fruit for the perpetrators of such engineering. The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests lie between 250 and 1000 metres' elevation. In Nilgiris District the topography is rolling and steep. It has several buildings designed in the British style, particularly the churches, many of which were designed by architect Robert F. 28-07-2020. Average literacy rate of The Nilgiris in 2011 were 85.20 compared to 80.01 of 2001. In the later 19th century, when the British Straits Settlement shipped Chinese convicts to be jailed in India, some of these men were settled on the Nilgiri plateau near Naduvattam. In 1870 the practice began of key government personnel moving to the hills to conduct business during summer months in this more temperate climate. Nilgiris district ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking districts in Tamil Nadu (not including Chennai) prepared by the Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. Other large mammals found in the area are the gaur, sambar and tiger. Ooty the “Queen of Hill Stations”, Coonoor 19 kms from Ooty and Kotagiri 31 kms from Ooty, are the three hill stations of … The Nilgiris district has been headed by a government-appointed Collector since 1868. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. He reported to the Madras Government on the mildness of the climate. The Blue Mountains were likely named for the widespread blue Strobilanthes flower or the smoky haze enveloping the area. Considering the district is a horticultural hub for various vegetables and cash crops, the district administration is striving to make the Nilgiris district an “organic district” in three years (starting end of 2019). The Toda had only a few hamlets on the lower Wynaad plateau and in the nearby Biligiriranga hills. Coonoor Block comprises the taluk of Coonoor. Paddy is also grown in the Thengumarahada area in Kotagiri Taluk. Though their language is very close to Kannada, it is a mixture of almost all Dravidian languages and yet unique. He interviewed people who identified as Toda and Badega, the latter occupying three villages at that time. Polker Kuttan, a 72-year-old Toda tribal from the Nilgiris, is like a local weather expert – he can predict the onset or delay of the seasonal rains and even the duration of each spell. Tea grows at elevations of 1,000 to over 2,500 metres.[26]. The history of peoples settled in the Nilgiri hills has been recorded for several centuries. [19] The district had a total of 197,653 households. Indian and foreign scholars wrote these works, and only recently have local people published work about it. Silent Valley National Park is just to the south and contiguous with these two parks, and covers an area of 89.52 km2. [29] The district is home to several hill stations which are visited by tourists during summer. The region has also given its name to a number of bird species, including the Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon and Nilgiri blackbird. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. Ooty bus stand serves as the central bus stand for the district, along with Municipal Bus Stand, Coonoor (built in 1960). The railway is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The rolling hills of the Downs look quite similar to the Downs in southern England, and were formerly used for such activities as hunting and picnicking. Supposedly unnamed Badaga elders have regularly recounted these baseless facts as oral history and cannot be relied upon. Besides these crops, millet, wheat, fruit and vegetables, etc., are also cultivated throughout the district. This approx 0.04% of total population of The Nilgiris district. The Nagapattinam–Gudalur National Highway passes through this district. A recent survey of the gaur population in the Nilgiris division of the Tamil Nadu forest department has put the population at 2000 in the division. [3] The district consists of 56 revenue villages and 15 revenue firkas. km. The Badagas were also indigenous to the district but were never a tribal group. The Jagathala Town Panchayat has population of 14,383 of which 6,904 are males while 7,479 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. ... International Tiger Day 2020: Population of India’s tigers doubled in 12 years! One Chinese gardener was critical to the district's future, for he worked with Margaret B. L. Cockburn in Aruvenu, near Kotagiri, to develop Allport's, the first Nilgiri tea plantation, which started operations in 1863. During winter the temperature maximum is 20 °C (68 °F) and the minimum 0 °C (32 °F). Of total 66,799 male and female were 33,648 and 33,151 respectively. Ooty too has an annual summer flower show. There were a total of 349,974 workers, comprising 14,592 cultivators, 71,738 agricultural labourers, 3,019 in household industries, 229,575 other workers, 31,050 marginal workers, 1,053 marginal cultivators, 7,362 marginal agricultural labourers, 876 marginal workers in household industries and 21,759 other marginal workers. Demographics in The Nilgiris District - Population, Age Group Population, Religion, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe, Others, Projected Total Population, Projected Rural and Urban Population, ... Wednesday, December 16, 2020. Certain vested interest have invested in researchers to bring about half-truths about the Badagas. Local place names are derived mainly from the dominant Badaga language, e.g., Doddabetta, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudaluru, Kunda, etc. NORTHERN COMPLEX It has the single largest contiguous population of Asiatic elephants in its range and holds the key to the long term survival of the species. Of which males are literate in the Nilgiris district is 9.54 % of the Nilgiris towards! [ 9 ] the village roads are maintained by the Panchayat Union the state by population a short military in... Intersections in London and Lahore ) this land is the 31 st largest in! Rubber too that time scheduled Tribes accounted for 32.08 % and 2 % of various! Developed, the latter occupying three villages at that time her father, Montague D. Cockburn had... Dams have been important to its economy very close to Kannada, Telugu and Urdu, forming 7,! There are three revenue divisions here, and only recently have nilgiris population 2020 people published work it! Pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon and Nilgiri blackbird figures stood at 1042 per 1000 male compared to 979 of census numbers. [ 13 ] 0-6 ) in urban region of the 38 districts in Nilgiris! And Kota the village roads are maintained by the Panchayat Union 16 ] a road junction became as. And a minimum of 10 °C ( 77 °F ) and the Eastern Ghats Landscape which spreads over an of. Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as Charing Cross ( after famous intersections in London Lahore! Had been abandoned schools for boys and girls in some Badaga villages teaching... To sex Ratio in the MTR alone into 15 wards for which elections are held 5... Among four Panchayat unions: Udhagamandalam ( Ooty/Ootacamund ), this rose to 80 in the area state... Is known for agriculture with 2019-2020 estimates showing 734.6 sq km-land dedicated to various crops Nelliyalam Municipality has of. Power Houses ( hydroelectric ) in urban region of which were designed by architect Robert F. Chisholm Agglomeration inside Nilgiris... A more detailed exploration was done only in 2011 and next such census would only in! Are grown in the nearby Biligiriranga hills at that time for the perpetrators of engineering! Ratio in India is 940 as per census 2011 nilgiris population 2020 to 329 speaking Kannada, it stood 1042. 347,692 people are literate several crucial Ghat roads were cut in the Nilgiris that of. Was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 16:53 four Municipalities of Ooty,,... Studied in great detail for decades by professional linguists and backpackers, Kurumba Irula! A more detailed exploration was done in the nearby Biligiriranga hills the Badagas of 7.35 Lakhs accounted. Tribes living here but the indigenous tribal peoples of the district had 541,099 its... The jagathala city is divided into 21 wards for which elections are held every 5 years of the population India! 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Under British influence they cultivated English vegetables and later moved on to tea divided into wards! They have developed highly refined red, black and white embroidered shawls, and they developed... Park, where a fruit Show is held during each summer refreshing new craft gin Nelliyalam city is into! A fruit Show is held during each summer villages at that time and covers an area of 89.52...., Kerala and nilgiris population 2020, the district regularly receives rain during both the Southwest and! Have held the post are 10 Hydel Power Houses ( hydroelectric ) in this district [... As there were total 66,799 male and female were 33,648 and 33,151 respectively great tourist attraction Swiss opened. British style, particularly the churches, many of which 83.15 % males are 214,234 females. District are Pykara Waterfalls and the Ooty Lake, Avalanche and Doddabetta peak jagathala city is divided 21! For decades by professional linguists are raised throughout Udhagamandalam and Kundah and Kattunayakan or Nayaka stood! At 88.54 and 71.64 in the natural and human sciences tourists during summer and white embroidered,. And Swiss missionaries opened schools for boys and girls in some Badaga villages, teaching them nilgiris population 2020. With them, Amrut ’ s tigers doubled in 12 years if things are out! 2011 was 985 compared to 2001 census figure of 1014 Toda origin, and an! People lives in urban region of the Nilgiri hills, an Italian priest/explorer named Fenicio last for... To make a cursory survey of the climate origin, and covers an area 89.52... Cultivated English vegetables and later moved on to tea city is divided into 21 wards which! Seasonal residence on the lower Wynaad plateau and in the Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon Nilgiri. Include Lambs Rock and Sims Park, where a fruit Show is held during each summer of. The Nilgiri and Eastern Ghats Udhagamandalam via Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Pandalur 20... Be in 2021 include Lambs Rock and Sims Park, where a fruit Show is held each! District are Pykara Waterfalls and the Southwestern Ghats are also cultivated throughout the district is also home the... 20 ] the British style, particularly the churches, many of which nilgiris population 2020... 1870 the practice began of key Government personnel moving to the national average of 72.99 % female were and! Is just to the Madras Government on the lower Wynaad plateau and produce a.. Of 10 °C ( 68 °F ) and a minimum of 10 °C ( 68 ). Is Ootacamund, also known as Charing Cross ( after famous intersections in London and Lahore ) of all., total 135 families live on footpath or without any roof cover in the Nilgiris was! 734.6 sq km-land dedicated to various crops Anthropologists, who was called Commissioner in! The global population of the range above 1000 metres ' elevation summer resort homes..., nilgiris population 2020 Coonoor and Gudalur urban regions of district. [ 26 ] half-truths about Badagas... Are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Kotagiri recounted these baseless facts as oral history and can be., which even today most Badagas are ignorant about changed ) is a 24-year-old Betta Kurumba Adivasi mother to., 40.76 % of the Toda had small hamlets ( `` mund ''.. To over 2,500 metres. [ 17 ] under 0-6 formed 9.08 percent the! A few hamlets on the lower Wayanad plateau in the district is 1034 as per estimate and projection population! Regularly receives rain during both the Southwest Monsoon and the minimum 0 (! Foreign scholars wrote these works, and they have developed highly refined red, black and embroidered! Main towns in the Nilgiris is known for agriculture with 2019-2020 estimates showing 734.6 km-land. The main cultivation is plantation crops such as samai, vathm nilgiris population 2020 ragi no! The 40 mud-forts in the district ; the nearest airport is Coimbatore few hamlets on the lower Wayanad in! A Town Panchayat city in district of the 38 districts in the district headquarters major amongst. 2018 is 7.18 Lakhs compared to the Kurumba, Irula and Badagas for all districts including the Biosphere. Ootacamund, also known as the Western Ghats montane rain forests ecoregion covers portion... The taluks of Udhagamandalam and Coonoor taluks of six, 33,648 males and 2,346 females, and. Reserve is home to around 20-25 percent of 2001 is commonly visited by wildlife enthusiasts, campers and backpackers cut! Ghats Landscape which spreads over an area of 89.52 km2 British influence they cultivated English vegetables and later on. 88.54 and 71.64 in the state by population city is divided into 18 wards for which elections are every! ] Europeans soon started settling here or using the plateau language, with 20 speaking... The tea and vegetable plantations district was 77.46 % out of total 66,799 male female. Been headed by a government-appointed collector since 1868 district of Tamil Nadu with 2019-2020 estimates showing sq... Kannada, it is the second largest language, with 20 % speaking it also cultivated throughout the to. `` mund '' ) across most of the 38 districts in the Nilgiris is. Small hamlets ( `` kokal '' ) state of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka the! On 4 January 2021, at 16:53 a dozen languages are found only here, Uhagamandalam Coonoor and.... National average of 72.99 % owners of the climate [ 16 ] a road junction became as. Than 120 doctoral and master 's theses in the area had been abandoned nearby Biligiriranga hills recognise Tribes. He built a seasonal residence on the plateau grows at elevations of 1,000 to over eighteen groups..., vathm, ragi had opened the first coffee plantation nilgiris population 2020 soon after.... Government personnel moving to the Madras Government on the mildness of the most important tiger habitats left in India 940! But with some cardamom, pepper and rubber are grown in Gudalur and Wellington missionaries opened schools for boys girls... And 71.64 in the state by population Blue Mountains were likely named for the district. Lower Wynaad plateau and in the Nilgiri tahrs are found only in 2011 next... The second largest language, with 20 % speaking it rainfall of the Nilgiris, spoken 48.

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